HIV and COVID-19 research from the NYSDOH AIDS Institute
From the early stages of the COVID-19 pandemic, the New York State Department of Health AIDS Institute has engaged in research and expanded data collection efforts and analyses to explore the impact of COVID-19 on New Yorkers living with HIV. Recent publications and materials explore the intersection of COVID-19 infection and vaccination and HIV in New York State.
Key findings from recent publications include:
- The COVID-19 pandemic is echoing well-documented racial and ethnic disparities in health outcomes, as seen with HIV.2
- Vaccination coverage among people living with diagnosed HIV (PLWDH) was lower than that of the general adult population in New York, and substantially lower among PLWDH who were not virally suppressed compared with PLWDH who were virally suppressed.3
- PLWDH are more likely to be hospitalized for COVID-19 infection and experience an in-hospital death from COVID-19 than other individuals with COVID-19.4
Selected AIDS Institute publications to date
- A peek into the future: How a pandemic resulted in the creation of models to predict the impact on sexually transmitted infection(s) in New York State (excluding New York City). Joshi M, Yuan Y, Miranda W, Chung R, Rajulu DT, Hart-Malloy R. Sexually Transmitted Diseases. 2021;48(5):381-384.
- A tale of many New York cities. Rosenberg ES, Tesoriero JM. Journal of Infectious Diseases. 2021;224(2):185-187.
- Notes from the Field: COVID-19 vaccination among persons living with diagnosed HIV infection. Tesoriero JM, Patterson W, Daskalakis D, Chicoine J, Morne J, Braunstein S, Rajulu DT, Rosenberg E.– New York, October 2021. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2022;71:182–184.
- COVID-19 outcomes among persons living with or without diagnosed HIV infection in New York State. Tesoriero JM, Swain CA, Pierce JL, Zamboni L, Wu M, Holtgrave DR, Gonzalez CJ, Udo T, Morne JE, Hart-Malloy R, Rajulu DT, Leung SY, Rosenberg ES. JAMA Network Open. 2021;4(2): e2037069.
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HIV and COVID-19 in New York City
A recent publication (Braunstein et al., 2021) by the New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene Bureau of HIV matched laboratory confirmed-COVID-19 case and death data against the NYC HIV surveillance registry and found that a higher proportion of people with HIV (PWH) with COVID-19 were older, male, Black, or Latino, and living in high-poverty neighborhoods compared with all PWH and all people diagnosed with COVID-19 in NYC. Also, compared with all NYC COVID-19 cases, a higher proportion of PWH with COVID-19 experienced hospitalization, intensive care unit admission, and/or death; most PWH who experienced poor COVID-19-related outcomes had CD4 <500 cells/µL.
Information on COVID-19, Influenza (Flu), and HIV: Similarities and Differences
COVID-19, flu and acute HIV infection may have similar symptoms such as fever, chills, night sweats, muscle aches, or fatigue. The flu-like symptoms of acute HIV begin within a few weeks of HIV exposure and then eventually go away. For more information on the similarities and differences between HIV, COVID-19, and influenza infections, please visit the NYS Department of Health AIDS Institute website.